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Articles and Chapters on Sir Walter Scott Published in 2001

An Annotated Bibliography

In addition to The Scott Newsletter (nos. 38-39), this year saw the publication of one special issue of a journal exclusively devoted to Scott studies. The Spring 2001 number of Studies in Romanticism, edited by Ian Duncan, Ann Rowland, and Charles Snodgrass, was entitled Scott, Scotland and Romantic Nationalism. It drew on papers presented at the Sixth Meeting of the International Scott Conference, University of Oregon, July 1999, and addressed the recent turn in romanticist scholarship to issues of national identity and nationalism. For details of the individual articles, see Craig, Lynch, Langan, Manning, Kerkering, Arata, Lee, Burgess, and Crawford.

Ali, Zahra A. Hussein. 'Adjusting the Borders of Self: Sir Walter Scott's "The Two Drovers"', Papers on Language & Literature, 37 (2001), 65-84.

Examines how 'The Two Drovers' delineates an exemplary paradigm of the dynamics and problematics of regional border-crossing.

Alryyes, Ala A. ‘Historicity, the Child, & Scott's Historical Novel’, in Original Subjects: The Child, the Novel, and the Nation (Harvard, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 2001), pp. 167-203.

Reads Waverley and Old Mortality as 'national education narratives', casting Edward Waverley and Henry Morton as children and the omniscient narrator as a guiding national father, who both narrates the life of the protagonist and provides a formulaic narrative prescription for the lives of his fellow citizens.

Arata, Stephen. ‘Scott's Pageants: The Example of Kenilworth’, Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 99-107.

Relates Scott's use of pageantry in Kenilworth to his stage-management of George IV's Edinburgh visit of 1822. Arata shows how the performativity of pageant functions as 'reformed' history in the service of future political agendas.

Armstrong, Nancy. ‘La morale borghese e il paradosso dell’individualismo’, in Il romanzo. 1, La cultura del romanzo, ed. Franco Moretti (Turin: Einaudi, 2001), pp. 272-306.

Includes (pp. 286-91), a discussion of Waverley and of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, which identifies both novels with a turn against individualism on the part of bourgeois morality, where, in order to enter the modern social order, the individual had to renounce what was most essential to their individuality. This chapter was re-published in English translation in 2006.

Baucom, Ian. 'Globalit, Inc.; Or, the Cultural Logic of Global Literary Studies', PMLA, 116 (2001), 158-72.

Includes an analysis of Fredric Jameson's The Political Unconscious (1981) which suggests it may be viewed as a rewriting of Scott's representation of the heterochronic theory of time articulated by the 'philosophical historians' of the Scottish Enlightenment. Waverley is cited as an illustration of the Enlightenment 'discovery' of a set of temporal irregularities in the map of Scotland, zones of the non-contemporary in the chart of the contemporaneous.

Brown, Iain Gordon. 'Three's Company: Chambers and the "Most Romantic Young Lady"', Scott Newsletter, 38 (2001), 17-21.

On Robert Chambers's introduction of 'Miss Inglis of Musselburgh' to Scott, and a letter from Chambers to Miss Inglis showing that what appeared to be a chance meeting had been arranged in great detail.

Bruzelius, Margaret. '"The King of England ... loved to look upon a MAN": Melancholy and Masculinity in Scott's Talisman’, Modern Language Quarterly, 62 (2001), 19-41.

Argues that Scott not only pre-empts contemporary analysis of a 'crisis in masculinity' but codifies the language in which it is expressed. In The Talisman's mobile, 'gender-bending' Saladin, he suggests, however, a resolution to that crisis.

Burgess, Miranda J. ‘Scott, History and the Augustan Public Sphere’, Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 123-35.

Examines Scott's negotiation of a way out of the dichotomy between Jacobitism and Jacobinism as romantic ideologies for Scotland in The Antiquary.

Burwick, Frederick. ‘Sir Walter Scott and the Literary Pirates’, in Thomas de Quincey: Knowledge and Power (Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001), pp. 43-66.

On De Quincy's translation of Alexis's Walladmor (1824), a novel originally presented in German as a new translation from Scott.

Cabo Pérez, Gemma de. 'Kenilworth 1821-¿1999?', in La lingüística aplicada a finales de siglo: ensayos y propuestas, ed. Isabel de la Cruz Cabanillas, et al., 2 vols (Alcalá de Henares: A.E.S.L.A. and Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, 2001), II, 789-95.

On Spanish translations of Kenilworth.

Craig, Cairns. 'Scott's Staging of the Nation', Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 13-28.

Argues that Benedict Anderson's account of the cultural politics of nation formation in Imagined Communities (1983) does not do justice to Scott, whose novels present a vast investigation of the new forms of the nation to which the nineteenth century gave birth.

Crawford, Robert. ‘Walter Scott and European Union’, Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 137-52.

Argues that Scott's writings, with their transnational reception and influence, engage questions fundamental to current debates about European identity and union.

D'Arcy, Julian Meldon. 'Roseneath: Scotland or "Scott-land"?: A Reappraisal of The Heart of Midlothian', Studies in Scottish Literature, 32 (2001), 26-36.

Argues that the fourth 'Roseneath' volume of The Heart of Midlothian is not, as often thought, inferior to its predecessors. Far from presenting an idyllic vision of a unified, law-abiding, 'Scott-land', it provides a coherent climax to a highly ironic view of the true state of mid-eighteenth-century Scotland and reveals Scott as far more ambivalent to the 1707 Union than previously supposed. A revised version appears in D'Arcy's Subversive Scott: The Waverley Novels and Scottish Nationalism (2005), pp. 150-62.

Docker, John. ‘The Collision of Two Worlds: Sir Walter Scott's Ivanhoe and Moorish Spain’, in 1492: The Poetics of Diaspora (London; New York, 2001), pp. 34-65.

Seeks to explain the notorious anachronism by which Rebecca and Isaac leave twelfth-century England for fifteenth-century Granada. Argues that Scott deliberately drew attention to the imminent fall of the Moorish kingdom, the last remnant of a multi-cultural and pluralist alternative to the European nation-state.

Drake, George A. '”The Ordinary Rules of the Pavé”: Urban Spaces in Scott's Fortunes of Nigel’, Studies in the Novel, 33 (2001), 416-29.

Argues that Scott's fascination with borders and thresholds manifests itself in the discontinuities and dissymmetries of his urban social spaces. At times, Scott historicizes space more fully in the collapsed, hybrid space of his urban scenes than even in his more highly varnished Scottish landscapes.

Edwards, Simon. ‘The Geography of Violence: Historical Fiction and the National Question’, Novel, 34 (2001), 294-308.

Discusses Quentin Durward amongst other historical novels, arguing that literary theory has done scant justice to historical fiction, which offers a more profound and troubling representation of the passages of modernity than either the 'literature of apocalyptic self-consciousness' or the literature of bourgeois domesticity.

Elias, Amy J. 'The Link to Historical Romance', in Sublime Desire: History and Post-1960s Fiction (Baltimore, Md.; London: John Hopkins University Press, 2001), pp. 181-220.

Sees (pp. 10-16) Scott's historical romances as caught between radically different conceptions of history, supporting the Scottish philosophers' universalist theories of history while tying them to a nationalism symbolized in the material sublime (imaged in the Highlands and other 'vanishing' societies). It is the tension between empirical assumptions about history and nostalgic romanticism for past cultural forms which makes Scott an important ancestor of postmodern historical novelists.

Elias, Amy J. 'Sorting out Connections: The Historical Romance in Hyper-Reality', in Sublime Desire: History and Post-1960s Fiction (Baltimore, Md.; London: John Hopkins University Press, 2001), pp. 3-45.

With particular emphasis on Redgauntlet, identifies Scott as a forerunner of the post-colonial metahistorical romance (pp. 211-19) in his concern with politicized regionalism, nostalgia for and revaluation of community and native cultures, reappraisal of the value of orality as a way of telling history and preserving culture, and recognition of the ethical dilemna of colonial history.

Eliot, Simon. '"Never Mind the Value, What about the Price?"; Or, How Much Did Marmion Cost St. John Rivers?', Nineteenth-Century Literature, 56 (2001), 160-97.

Includes (pp. 191-97) a discussion of the gift of an edition of Marmion made by St. John Rivers to Jane Eyre in Charlotte Brontë's novel, which illustrates how knowledge of the costs and prices of books can illuminate our understanding of both book history and literature. Establishes that it would have represented a significant expenditure and value to both parties, thus casting a new light on one of the most intriguing relationships in nineteenth-century fiction.

Eliot, Simon. 'Sir Walter, Sex and the SoA', in Re-Constructing the Book: Literary Texts in Transmission, ed. Maureen Bell, Shirley Chew, Simon Eliot, Lynette Hunter, and James L. W. West III (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2001), pp. 100-11.

Flint, Kate. ‘Libri in viaggio: diffusione, consumo e romanzo nell’Ottocento’, in Il romanzo. 1, La cultura del romanzo, ed. Franco Moretti (Turin: Einaudi, 2001), pp. 541-66.

Includes a discussion (pp. 545-50) of the diffusion and enduring popularity of Scott's work in the Americas. This chapter was not included in the English translation of Il romanzo, The Novel (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006).

Frank, Cathrine. ‘Wandering Narratives and Wavering Conclusions: Irreconciliation in Frances Burney's The Wanderer and Walter Scott's Waverley’, European Romantic Review, 12 (2001), 429-56.

Argues that each novel at its conclusion represents political stability through the bodies and sentiments of its principal women characters but signals persistent doubt as to the success and finality of the domestic/national peace that they supposedly signify. The implications are that for Burney, there may be no post-revolutionary society for women, just as for Scott there is no domestic stability as long as Scotland is bound to England.

Fritzen, Martin M. 'Bartoline Saddletree: Pedant or Legal Expositor?', Scott Newsletter, 38 (2001), 3-7.

Detecting literary sources in George Ruggle's Latin drama Ignoramus (1615) and John Crowne's comedy City Politiques (1682), argues that Bartoline Saddletree, the lay lawyer in The Heart of Midlothian, is not merely the butt of Scott's satire but also a structurally necessary and remarkably accurate expositor of legal technicalities.

Garbin, Lidia. '”Poor wounded names”: Lucy Ashton e Tess dei d'Urberville', in Oltreconfine: lingue e culture tra Europa e mondo, ed. Antonio Pasinato (Corigliano Calabro; Cosenza: Meridiana Libri, 2001), pp. 133-46.

Comparative study of the heroines of The Bride of Lammermoor and of Thomas Hardy's Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891).

Henriques, Ana Lucia de Souza. 'Língua, literatura e poder', Cadernos do CNFL, 4.9 (2001), 65-75.

Brazilian article comparing the use of vernacular Scots in Scott's Waverley and Irvine Welsh's Trainspotting (1993) within their respective historical contexts. Also published online at: <> [accessed 6 October 2009].

Henriques, Ana Lucia de Souza. 'A tradicão e o nacional em The Antiquary, de Walter Scott', Revista do GELNE, 3.1 (2001), 1-3.

Short Brazilian article stressing Scott's belief in maintaining a distinct Scottish national identity through the preservation of tradition, as evidenced by The Antiquary. Also published online at: <> [accessed 6 October 2009].

Hüe, Denis. 'Walter Scott et Jean Giono, une parenté', Jean Giono, 55 (2001), 85-97.

Comparative study of Scott and the twentieth-century French novelist Jean Giono.

Hunter, Andrew. ‘The Peregrinations of “Auld Robin Gray” and Eugénie Grandet’, Études écossaises, 7 (2001), 195-207.

Discusses the possible influence of Lady Anne Lindsay's poem "Auld Robin Gray" on Balzac's novel Eugénie Grandet (1833). Analyzes Scott's role in bringing the poem to Balzac's attention by citing it in The Pirate and publishing it as a contribution to the Bannatyne Club in 1825.

Irvine, Robert P. ‘Gender and the Place of Culture in Scott's St Ronan's Well', Scottish Studies Review, 2.1 (2001), 46-64.

Argues that in St Ronan's Well Scott makes himself, and his female literary rivals, double in a series of tropes for cultural authority in its relation to gender and the market.

Jackson, Richard D. 'The Indian Colonel: William Russell of Ashestiel and Scott's Guy Mannering', Scott Newsletter, 38 (2001), 8-14.

Suggests that William Russell of Ashestiel, who married Scott's half-aunt Jane Rutherford, may have been a prototype for the title character in Guy Mannering.

Jackson, Richard D. 'Scott, Saint Ronan's Well, and the Haliburtons', Scott Newsletter, 38 (2001), 15-17.

Returning to the possible source of Scott's tale of 'dark domestic guilt' discussed in Jackson 2000c, suggests that Scott's discovery that Helen Milne's mother was a Haliburton might have made a strong personal impression on Scott, whose grandmother was a Haliburton. Scott published the genealogical study Memorials of the Haliburtons in 1824 shortly after the appearance of St Ronan's Well.

Joannides, Paul. 'Delacroix and Modern Literature', in The Cambridge Companion to Delacroix, ed. Beth S. Wright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 130-53.

Includes (pp. 130-34) a discussion of Delacroix's Self-Portrait as Ravenswood where he projects his own erotic anxieties onto the hero of Scott's The Bride of Lammermoor. Goes on to identify Quentin Durward and Ivanhoe as the inspiration behind further paintings by Delacroix. Suggests that the themes of both novels relate to the structure of national feeling in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars.

Jobling, Ian. 'Homicide and Personal Justice in Scott's Ivanhoe: An Evolutionary Psychological Perspective', Interdisciplinary Literary Studies, 2 (2001), 29-43.

Johnson, Claudia L. '"Let Me Make the Novels of a Country": Barbauld's The British Novelists (1810/1820)', Novel, 34 (2001), 163-79.

Includes a discussion of Scott's Lives of the Novelists, originally written as prefaces to Ballantyne's Novelists' Library (1821-24).

Kerkering, Jack. ‘"We are five-and-forty": Meter and National Identity in Scott’, Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 85-98.

Traces Scott's splitting of poetic form and content along nationalist lines -- into Scots meter and English language -- in the Letters of Malachi Malagrowther. A later version appeared in Kerkering's The Poetics of National and Racial Identity in Nineteenth-Century American Literature (2003 ).

Kloss, Benjamin. 'Die Natur- und Landschaftsschilderung im historischen Roman der spanischen Romantik: Ein Aspekt der Scott-Rezeption?', Germanisch-Romanische Monatsschrift, 51 (2001), 303-22.

Considering Scott's pivotal role in the rise of the Spanish historical novel, one might expect its major practitioners Escosura, Espronceda, and Gil y Carrasco to model their descriptions of nature and landscape on Scott's. Close scrutiny reveals, however, that their approach to describing nature is highly eclectic, with Anne Radcliffe and Rousseau proving at least as influential as Scott.

Lamont, Stewart. 'Writers: Pens Mightier than Swords', in When Scotland Ruled the World: The Story of the Golden Age of Genius, Creativity and Exploration (London: HarperCollins, 2001), pp. 109-39.

Includes (pp. 115-19) an overview of Scot's achievements 'as a great writer, a great human being, and a great Scotsman'.

Langan, Celeste. ‘Understanding Media in 1805: Audiovisual Hallucination in The Lay of the Last Minstrel', Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 49-70.

Asks how, given the prevalent understanding of poetry as a specifically oral medium, poetry was able to claim any but a marginal position (antiquarian or domestic) in Romantic print culture. Argues that The Lay of the Last Minstrel influentially adopts orality as its ostensible content. The medium of print thus becomes recognizable as a medium by its attempt to 'deliver' audiovisual information.

Lee, Yoon Sun. ‘Giants in the North: Douglas, the Scottish Enlightenment and Scott's Redgauntlet’, Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 109-21.

Discusses Scott's revisitation in Redgauntlet of the Enlightenment ideal of civic virtue that was at stake in the eighteenth-century Edinburgh controversy over John Home's tragedy Douglas (1756).

Lepaludier, Laurent. 'Histoire et apprentissage dans Waverley de Walter Scott: lire avec Lukács, Derrida et Ferguson', in Ecriture(s) de l'histoire (Angers: CRILA, 2001).

Pagination unknown.

Lewis, Jayne. ‘The Type of a Kind, or, The Lives of Dryden’, Eighteenth-Century Life, 25.2 (2001), 3-18.

Argues that Scott's 1808 edition of Dryden's works -- and the biographical sketch which prefaces it -- is a major, if rarely acknowledged, bridge to Scott's influential vision of history. That vision is characterized by two things: a powerful sense of individuals as shaped by historical events, and an equally powerful assumption that the past can be reanimated not just by the imagination of the living but also by its ironic juxtaposition with the present from which it is by definition missing.

Lowrey, John. 'From Caesarea to Athens: Greek Revival Edinburgh and the Question of Scottish Identity within the Unionist State', Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 60 (2001), 136-57.

Discusses (pp. 142-46) the relationship between the Greek Revival school of architecture and the Scots Baronial style pioneered by Scott at Abbotsford. Attributes their co-existence through much of the nineteenth-century to their common fascination with the Picturesque and Primitive and to the dual nature of post-Union Scottish identity, both British (expressed via the Greek Revival) and Scottish (expressed via the Baronial).

Lumsden, Alison. 'The Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels and the Manuscript Holdings of the National Library of Scotland', Folio, 2 (Spring 2001), 8-11 <> [accessed 22 February 2011]

Describes how work on the Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels, an ‘ideal first edition’ of Scott’s fiction, has been facilitated by the National Library of Scotland’s unique Scott holdings: the original manuscripts and annotated proofs of many of Scott’s works, the ‘Interleaved Set’ that Scott used for revising and correcting his works for the ‘Magnum Opus’ edition of 1829-33, Scott’s own correspondence, and, finally, the papers of James and John Ballantyne and of Scott’s publisher Archibald Constable.

Luttazi, Stefania. 'Walter Scott in Italia, ossia, Un autore di tendenza nel paese di Corilla Olimpica', in Belli e l'Ottocento europeo: romanzo storico e racconto fantastico nello 'Zibaldone' (Rome: Bulzoni, 2001), pp. 27-155.

On Scott's reception in Italy and, in particular, by the Roman poet G.G. Belli. Luttazi records passages transcribed from Scott in Belli's Zibaldone (or notebook) and suggests that Scott may have exerted an influence on Belli's use of dialect, interest in superstitions and demonology, and on his anti-clerical satire.

Lynch, Deidre. ‘Gothic Libraries and National Subjects’, Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 29-48.

Examines Scott's role in instituting the discipline of literary studies and the category of 'English literature' in the early nineteenth century.

MacKay, Ross. ‘Scattered Ruins of Evidence: Non-Eventworthy History in Old Mortality and The Brownie of Bodsbeck’, Studies in Hogg’s World, 12 (2001), 56-79.

Argues that the incorporation of non-eventworthy history in Hogg's novel The Brownie of Bodsbeck (1818) is a challenge to the 'official' representation of history in Old Mortality, giving voice to a marginalised class and offering an alternative impression of the past that explores the operation of power on ordinary people.

Macmillan, Duncan. '"A Journey through England and Scotland": Wilkie and Other Influences on French Art of the 1820s', British Art Journal, 2.3 (2001), 28-35.

Argues that the importance of Scott and Wilkie for the French artists Delacroix, Horace Vernet, Ary Scheffer, and R. P. Bonington lay in their development of Thomas Reid's theory that painting dealt not with ideas but with the intuitive apprehension of immediate reality. They inspired a new historical art concerned with the accurate representation of the psychology of a narrative through the observation and naturalistic description of expression and gesture.

McMullin, B. J. 'A Scottish Sexto in Fours and Twos', The Library, 7th ser., 2 (2001), 286-89.

On a type-facsimile of a 1611 edition of The Letting of Humours Blood in the Head Vaine by Samuel Rowlands, printed by James Ballantyne in Edinburgh in 1814 with an introduction by Sir Walter Scott.

Malley, Shawn. ‘Walter Scott's Romantic Archaeology: New/Old Abbotsford and The Antiquary’, Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 233-51.

Argues that in The Antiquary and Abbotsford gothic stories within stories house genealogical information needed to render the past into redeeming and consoling narratives. Both The Antiquary and Abbotsford are extensions of Scott's antiquarian passions, yet, with antiquarian paraphernalia from dismantled legitimate buildings and antique iconography, Scott systematically imposes a mythological identity of himself as a landed aristocrat.

Manning, Peter J. '"The birthday of typography": A Response to Celeste Langan', Studies in Romanticism, 40 (2001), 71-83.

A response to Langan's reading of The Lay of the Last Minstrel in ‘Understanding Media in 1805'.

Martin, Maureen M. ‘Eating Scotland: Nation and Gender in Millais's Order of Release’, Wordsworth Circle, 32 (2001), 43-48.

Argues that the popular success of Millais's painting of a Jacobite prisoner (1852-53) illustrates the receptivity of the 19th-century English public to Scott's presentation of the 1745 Uprising as a thrilling performance of primal masculinity and the crucial role that Scotland came to play in a gendered conception of England itself.

Maxwell, Richard. ‘Inundations of Time: A Definition of Scott's Originality’, ELH, 68 (2001), 419-68.

Argues that Scott's version of historical fiction is the outgrowth not precisely of an interest in ages gone by but of the give-and-take between two different models of presentness exemplified by Joseph Strutt's Queen-Hoo Hall (1808) and Maria Edgeworth's national tales. (These ideas are further explored in Richard Maxwell's The Historical Novel in Europe, 1650-1950 (2009).)

Miles, Robert. 'What Is a Romantic Novel?', Novel, 34 (2001), 180-201.

With particular reference to Ivanhoe, characterizes Scott (pp. 196-98) as the writer of ‘anti-philosophical romances’ that obscure rather than lay open ideological conflict. Argues that Scott inverts the philosophical romance of William Godwin, replacing a narrative which exposes fractures in a culture’s foundational moment with a nationalist narrative of evolving legitimacy. A revised and expanded version appears in Robert Miles's Romantic Misfits (2008).

Moses, Michael Valdez. ‘Magical Realism at World's End’, Literary Imagination, 3 (2001), 105-33.

Argues that magic realism exemplifies the same cultural logic that structures and undergirds Scott's historical romances. With illustrations from Waverley, Old Mortality, and Ivanhoe, concludes that both historical romance and magic realism are compensatory sentimental fictions that allow, indeed encourage, readers to indulge in nostalgic longing and an imaginary return to a vanished or vanishing world. Click here for an online version published by Margin.

Ovenden, Richard. 'Portrait of an Obsession: The Corson Collection and the Walter Scott Digital Archive', Scott Newsletter, 39 (2001), 3-7.

Portrait of the Scott scholar James C. Corson, description of the Corson Collection of Sir Walter Scott material which he donated to Edinburgh University Library, and introduction to the site designed around that collection, the Walter Scott Digital Archive.

Pittock, Malcolm. ‘Peebles v. Plainstanes; Jarndyce v. Jarndyce; Scott v. Dickens’, Neophilologus, 85 (2001), 457-75.

Argues that a comparison between the treatment of law cases in Redgauntlet and Bleak House (1852-53) highlights crucial differences, as well as surprising similarities, between Scott and Dickens, and illustrates the essential characteristics of the social realist and symbolist traditions in the European novel which they respectively helped to create.

Ragaz, Sharon. ‘Writing to Sir Walter: The Letters of Mary Bryan Bedingfield’, Cardiff Corvey, 7 (2001) <> [accessed 9 June 2008]

A discussion of the correspondence between Scott and the little-known poet and novelist Mary Bryan Bedingfield.

Reitemeier, Frauke. '"Woefully Deficient in Knowledge of Costume and Manners": Scott's English Predecessors', Erfurt Electronic Studies in English, 11 (2001) <> [accessed 29 August 2006]

Discusses Scott's debt in Waverley to earlier historical novels by Mrs E. M. Foster, Sophia Lee, Anna Maria Mackenzie, and Mrs Barnby.

Rigney, Ann. ‘Hybridity: The Case of Sir Walter Scott’, in Imperfect Histories: The Elusive Past and the Legacy of Romantic Historicism (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001), pp. 13-58.

Focussing on Old Mortality, analyzes the ways in which Scott uses his freedom as a novelist to combine historical evidence with fictitious events. Argues that deviations from evidence reflect a political parti pris and hence the limits of Scott's engagement with the alterity of the past.

Rowlands, W. D. A. 'Sir Walter Scott: The Welsh Connection', Scott Newsletter, 39 (2001), 7-16.

Discusses a) Scott's works with a Welsh theme or setting (The Betrothed) or which allude to Welsh Arthurian literature (The Bridal of Triermain, Marmion, 'Thomas the Rhymer'), b) his friendship with the Welsh scholar Rev. John Williams, whom he chose as tutor to his son Charles, c) Scott's visit to North Wales in 1825, and d) the unexplained link between Scott's mother-in-law Élie Charlotte Charpentier and Wyrriot Owen.

Schiefelbein, Michael E. '"Unguarded Gaiety": Catholicism in Walter Scott's The Monastery and The Abbot', in The Lure of Babylon: Seven Protestant Novelists and Britain's Roman Catholic Revival (Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2001), pp. 15-55.

The opening chapter argues that while The Monastery and The Abbot ultimately reject Roman Catholicism as primitive, superstitious, and divisive, Scott shows that it offers its adherents expansiveness, exuberance, and humour which they indulge at the expense of stiff Protestants, and that it preserves a praiseworthy sense of awe, reverence, and mystery.

Schoenfield, Mark L. ‘Waging Battle: Ashford v. Thornton, Ivanhoe and Legal Violence’, in Medievalism and the Quest for the 'Real' Middle Ages, ed. Claire A. Simmons (London: Frank Cass, 2001), pp. 61-86.

Argues that in Ivanhoe, Scott enters a debate on the role of the real or imagined heritage of medieval law sparked by Abraham Thornton's successful plea to defend himself by Wager of Battle in 1817. An earlier version appeared in the journal Prose Studies (2000).

Seelye, John D. 'Ivan Who?: A Second Look at the Other Book that Is Supposed to Have Started the Civil War', in Finding Colonial Americas: Essays Honoring J. A. Leo Lemay, ed. Carla Mulford and David S. Shields (Newark, DE; London: University of Delaware Press, 2001), pp. 415-33.

Mark Twain famously blamed Ivanhoe for inspiring a specious chivalry and heightened sense of honour in Southern American readers which led directly to the US Civil War. More recently it has been accused of contributing to the Spanish-American War of 1898 (H. S. Canby) and to the enthusiasm with which many enlisted for the First World War (Amy Kaplan). Seelye argues that a careful consideration of Scott's attitude towards the chivalric tradition shows that the book has been badly misread.

Stevenson, A. G. 'Visiting the Ruins at Paestum', Scott Newsletter, 38 (2001), 14-15.

On the treatment of the Roman ruins at Paestum (Italy) in Scott's Journal.

Sutherland, Kathryn. 'Scottish Editing as Conjectural History', Scottish Studies Review, 2.1 (2001), 109-19.

Review article on four volumes in The Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels: Redgauntlet (1997), Ivanhoe (1997), Guy Mannering (1999), and The Fair Maid of Perth (1999).

Szaffner, Emília. 'Egy regény metamorfózisa: Nicolai-opera az Ivanhoe-ból', Theatron, 1 (2001), 1-37.

On Carl Otto Nicolai's Il templario, an operatic adaptation of Ivanhoe.

Szaffner, Emília. 'A Scott-regények kanonizálódása Magyarországon. 1. rész', Désirée, 2001 <> [accessed 30 May 2008]

First part of an article on the canonization of Scott in Hungarian literary criticism. For the second part, see Szaffner 2002.

Szaffner, Emília. 'Waverley: Romance or Novel?', Key Notions in English Studies, 2 (2001), 171-86.

Ter Horst, Robert. ‘Scott, the Great Conveyancer: The Exemplum of Rob Roy’, in The Fortunes of the Novel: A Study in the Transposition of a Genre (New York: Peter Lang, 2001), pp. 205-42.

Examines Scott's role in the transposition of the novel genre from Spain to Britain.

Tilby, Michael. 'Sur quelques éléments intertextuels des Paysans: Balzac, Walter Scott et Théophile Gautier', Année Balzacienne, 2 (2001), 283-304.

Discusses intertextual allusions to Waverley in Balzac's unfinished novel Les Paysans (1844).

Villari, Enrica. ‘Romance and History in Waverley’, in Athena's Shuttle: Myth, Religion, Ideology from Romanticism to Modernism, ed. Franco Marucci and Emma Sdegno (Milan: Cisalpino, 2001), pp. 93-111.

Argues that the opening chapters of Waverley describing the 'evils of a defective education' are no 'false start' (James Anderson), but that the Bildung theme is essential to the design of Waverley and to Scott’s original conception of the historical novel.

Waterston, Elizabeth. 'Scott, Crawford, and the Highland Romance', in Rapt in Plaid: Canadian Literature and Scottish Tradition (Toronto; London: University of Toronto Press, c2001), pp. 43-65.

Discusses Scott's influence on the Canadian poet Isabella Valancy Crawford (1850-1887).

Waterston, Elizabeth. 'Scott, Findley, and the Borders', in Rapt in Plaid: Canadian Literature and Scottish Tradition (Toronto; London: University of Toronto Press, c2001), pp. 66-84.

Discusses Scott's influence on the Canadian novelist and playwright Timothy Findley (1930-2002).

Wedd, Mary. 'Old Mortality: Editor and Narrator', in Master Narratives: Tellers and Telling in the English Novel, ed. Richard Gravil (Aldershot: Ashgate, c2001), pp. 37-46.

Shows how Scott's editorial apparatus in Old Mortality, with its presumption of scholarly and historical documentation, and antiquarian addenda, ironically undercuts the authority of the narrative itself. The plurality and unreliability of authorities invoked by the paratexts is mirrored in the narrative itself in which the protagonists pursue rival ideals which are undermined by the violence used to achieve them.

Welsh, Alexander. ‘History, as between Goethe’s Hamlet and Scott’s’, in Hamlet in His Modern Guises (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, c2001), pp. 71-101.

Argues that in its engagement with Hamlet, Scott's Redgauntlet owes a debt to Goethe's Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre (1795).

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