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Articles and Chapters on Sir Walter Scott Published in 2005

An Annotated Bibliography

Anderson, Antje S. 'Ein Kaufmann "von sehr englischem Aussehen": die literarische und soziokulturelle Funktion Englands in Soll und Haben', in 150 Jahre 'Soll und Haben' (1855): Studien zu Gustav Freytags kontroversem Roman, ed. Florian Krobb (Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2005), pp. 209-24.

Includes a discussion of Scott's influence on German novelist Gustav Freytag's Soll und Haben (1855).

Armstrong, Nancy. ‘When Novels Made Nations’, in How Novels Think: The Limits of British Individualism from 1719-1900 (New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 2005), pp. 53-68.

Identifies Scott's Waverley and Mary Shelley's Frankenstein with a turn against Enlightenment individualism, whereby individualism comes to be seen as a force that threatens to disrupt a stable and internally coherent community, now understood as the nation. This chapter develops ideas previously expressed in a chapter in Il romanzo. 1, ed. Franco Moretti (2001) (see Armstrong 2001 and Armstrong 2006).

Beiderwell, Bruce, and Anita Hemphill McCormick. ‘The Making and Unmaking of a Children's Classic: The Case of Scott's Ivanhoe', in Culturing the Child, 1690-1914: Essays in Memory of Mitzi Myers, ed. Donelle Ruwe (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2005), pp.165-77.

Examines how and to what purpose late Victorian and Edwardian readers reshaped Ivanhoe’s canonical status from a work of serious adult literature to a school text for young readers. This critical reshaping is seen in the context of Great Britain’s Education Act of 1870 and ultimately reveals much about the needs and anxieties adult readers have for children’s books.

Bell, Barbara. 'The Performance of Victorian Medievalism', in Beyond Arthurian Romances: The Reach of Victorian Medievalism, ed. Jennifer A. Palmgren and Lorretta M. Holloway (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), p. 191-216.

Includes a survey of early theatrical adaptations of Scott's 'medieval' novels with particular emphasis on Ivanhoe. Notes that these often stressed the themes of nation-building, reconciliation, and national unity at a time of severe inter-class tension. Goes on to describe other forms of adaptation such as tableaux vivants and performances by canine and equestrian theatrical companies.

Bour, Isabelle. 'Sensibility as Epistemology in Caleb Williams, Waverley, and Frankenstein', Studies in English Literature 1500-1900, 45 (2005), 813-27.

Argues that William Godwin's Caleb Williams, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, and Scott's Waverley should be read as end-of-sensibility novels in which the ethical-epistemological model of sensibility is shown to have become insufficient as an account of the human mind, yet at the same time acts as a ferment for a new representation of the psyche and of man as a social being.

Brewer, David A. 'Scott's Parental Interest: An Afterword', in The Afterlife of Character, 1726-1825 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), pp. 189-206.

On Scott and 'proprietary authorship'.

Buzard, James. ‘Translation and Tourism in Scott's Waverley’, in Disorientating Fiction: The Autoethnographic Work of Nineteenth-Century British Novels (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005), pp. 63-104.

Argues that Scott's transition from antiquarian anthologist and poet to novelist involves a highly self-conscious and ambivalent performance of the role of autoethnographer on behalf of a 'Scotland' he appears to have known himself to be fabricating to suit the touristic interests of English readers. An earlier version appeared in the Yale Journal of Criticism, 8.2 (1995).

Curthoys, Ann, and John Docker. 'Leopold von Ranke and Sir Walter Scott', in Is History Fiction? (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005), pp. 50-68.

Discusses Ranke’s youthful rejection of Scott with particular reference to Quentin Durward and questions Ranke's claim that he was offended primarily by Scott's historical inaccuracies. Argues that Quentin Durward fundamentally challenged Ranke’s optimism about European history, portraying chivalry and military valour in a sceptical light, highlighting violence against women, and showing sympathy for non-Christians and non-Europeans. Where Ranke focuses on the powerful and prominent, Scott gives voice to the powerless and excluded.

Diggle, James. 'Some Literary Allusions in Scott's The Antiquary', Notes and Queries, 52 (2005), 466-67.

Identifies the sources of quotations unattributed in the Edinburgh Edition of the novel.

D'Arcens, Louise. 'Inverse Invasions: Medievalism and Colonialism in Rolf Boldrewood's A Sydney-Side Saxon', Parergon, 22 (2005), 159-82.

The vision of pastoral Australia in Rolf Boldrewood's A Sydney-Side Saxon (1894) depends on notions of Saxon and Norman ethnicity derived from Scott's Ivanhoe. While Scott dramatizes the ethnic and political conflict between Norman conquerors and subjected Saxons, Boldrewood presents both races as complementary sides of an English 'type' fitted for the colonial settlement of Australia. His novel offers not only a celebration of colonial meritocracy but an apologia for colonial violence. As in Ivanhoe, however, the dispossessed haunt its margins.

Duncan, Ian. 'Edinburgh, Capital of the Nineteenth Century', in Romantic Metropolis: The Urban Scene of British Culture, 1780-1840, ed. James Chandler and Kelvin Gilmartin (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 45-64.

Argues that Scott's intellectual career articulated a cultural shift from the Moderate Whig regime of the Edinburgh Review to the new Conservative dispensation of Blackwood's Magazine, which pitted Whig 'political economy' against Tory 'national culture' (a concept based on an ideological reduction of the Waverley Novels and of the cultural figure of Scott himself).

Eagleton, Terry. ‘Walter Scott and Jane Austin’, in The English Novel: An Introduction (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005), pp. 94-122.

Identifies Scott as one of the first great spokesmen of modern British Conservatism, portraying a Scotland which must cast off its tribal ‘savagery’ and futile Romantic dreams in favour of peaceable political and economic integration with the British Parliament and Crown. Yet, from the viewpoint of modern British nationalism, Scott’s genius also lies in recognizing that local cultures must as far as possible be preserved within a greater whole.

Elbert, Monika. ‘Nature, Magic, and History: Forging a National Identity in Stowe’, Women’s Writing, 12.1 (2005), 99-113.

In an analysis of Harriet Beecher Stowe's The Pearl of Orr's Island (1862), Elbert argues that Scott taught Stowe that in order to forge a national identity or history, she must first uncover the spiritual dimension of a people (as reflected in its Nature/nature) and then fathom the feminine principle as the arbiter between the natural and supernatural realms.

Farina, Jonathan V. 'Superstitious Marginalia: Coleridge and Waverley', Wordsworth Circle, 36.1 (2005), 29-32.

On a note on superstition written by Coleridge in the margins of Waverley.

Ferguson, Stuart. 'At the Grave of the Gentile Constitution: Walter Scott, Georg Lukács and Romanticism', Studies in Romanticism, 44 (2005), 423-37.

Argues that Lukács never completely left behind the 'Romanticism' of his youthful Theory of the Novel (1920) and that in the case of Scott, Lukács may have even "out-romanticized" his subject. Suggests that Lukacs' idealization of the clans in The Historical Novel (1937) emerges less from a detailed analysis of Scott's novels than from his own dissatisfaction in the late 1930s with the state of democracy.

Ferguson, Stuart. 'The Imaginative Construction of Historical Character: What Georg Lukács and Walter Scott Could Tell Contemporary Novelists', Scottish Studies Review, 6.2 (2005), 32-48

Responding to James Robertson's claim that Scott has exerted little influence on contemporary Scottish fiction, argues that contemporary historical fiction demonstrates the very same problems of historical characterization visible in Scott's predecessors. Contemporary writers might profit from Lukács's discussion of Scott's techniques of characterization in relation to nineteenth-century German aesthetics and Marxist theories of consciousness.

Ferguson, Stuart. 'Walter Scott and the Construction of Historical Knowledge: A Lukácsian Perspective', AUMLA, 103 (2005), 43-63.

Suggests that Scott's historical fiction, particularly Old Mortality, demonstrates a process of reflection similar to the Marxist dialectic in which we reflect both on a particular complex of ideas and on the processes by which we reach those ideas. Goes on to highlight the extent to which Scott's narrative frameworks correspond to the young Lukács's account of structural irony in Theory of the Novel (1920).

Ferris, Ina. 'Printing the Past: Walter Scott's Bannatyne Club and the Antiquarian Document', Romanticism, 11 (2005), 143-60.

Argues that the Bannatyne Club, at once looking back to eighteenth-century dilettante clubs and forward to late nineteenth-century professional learned societies, played a formative role in the genealogy of the historical scholarly protocols central to modern learning and modern nation. Born of a convergence of romantic recollection and historicist alienation, it contributed to a crucial transformation of the relationship to the past underwriting those scholarly protocols.

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth, and Eugene D. Genovese. 'History as Moral and Political Instruction', in The Mind of the Master Class: History and Faith in the Southern Slaveholders' Worldview (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 125-69.

Contains (pp. 134-36) a consideration of Scott's importance as a social novelist for American Slaveholders. Scott was credited with safeguarding and rehabilitating Scots culture and with celebrating a feudal order which provided a pattern for the antebellum South. Questions, however, Twain's contention that a passion for Scott led to secession, as Scott, in fact, sold more widely in New England than the South and was admired by political conservatives throughout the United States.

Freire López, Ana María. 'Un negocio editorial romántico: Aribau y Walter Scott', Anales de literatura española, 18 (2005), 163-80.

By examining unpublished correspondence between Buenaventura Carles Aribau and Ignacio Sanponts, this article charts the first attempt to translate Scott's work in Spain (1828-30) and the reasons for its failure. It goes on to describe the liberties nineteenth-century Spanish translators took with Scott's original in order to obtain printing licenses and to make his work more comprehensible for a Spanish audience.

Fuhrman, Christina. 'Scott Repatriated?: La Dame blanche Crosses the Channel', Romantic Circles: Praxis Series, May 2005 (Romanticism and Opera) <http://www.rc.umd.edu/praxis/opera/fuhrmann/fuhrmann.html> [accessed 7 September 2010]

Examines the failure of two London productions of Boieldieu's opera La Dame blanche (1825), an amalgamation of Scott's Guy Mannering and The Monastery. Argues that a cultural impasse resulted from a) the British audience's nationalistic possessiveness of Scott and Scottish melodies, b) its uneasiness with the novels on which the opera was based, and c) the complex score. Ultimately, the layers of meaning Scott's works had accrued in Britian made it impossible to repatriate the White Lady.

Gallant, Christine. 'Faery Lands Forlorn', in Keats and Romantic Celticism (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 83-113.

Includes a discussion of the influence of 'The Daemon-Lover' (as edited by Scott in Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border) and of Scott's own 'The Eve of St. John' on Keats's 'The Eve of St. Agnes'.

Gallant, Christine. 'Keats as Bard', in Keats and Romantic Celticism (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 83-113.

Includes a discussion of the influence of 'Thomas the Rhymer' (as edited and completed by Scott in Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border) on Keats's Endymion.

García González, José Enrique. 'Consideraciones sobre la influencia de Walter Scott en la novela histórica española del siglo XIX', Cauce, 28 (2005), 109-19.

On Scott's influence on the nineteenth-century Spanish historical novel.

Gawthrop, Humphrey. 'George Ellis of Ellis Caymanas: A Caribbean Link to Scott and the Bronte Sisters', The Electronic British Library Journal (2005), 1-9 <http://www.bl.uk/eblj/2005articles/pdf/article3.pdf> [accessed 1 December 2008]

Biographical and genealogical sketch of Scott's friend, the author and politician George Ellis, hailed in the introduction to Canto V of Marmion as 'my guide, my pattern and my friend'. Develops an argument, first proposed in Brontë Studies, 27.1 (2002), that George Ellis inspired Emily Brontë's pseudonym Ellis Bell in his capacity as poet and intimate friend of Scott.

Gerli, E. Michael. '"Pray, landlord, bring me those books": Notes on Cervantes, Walter Scott, and the Ethical Legitimacy of the Novel in Early Nineteenth-Century England', in 'Corónente tus hazañas': Studies in Honor of John Jay Allen, ed. Michael J. McGrath (Newark, Del.: Juan de la Cuesta, 2005), pp. 231-42.

Argues that Scott's choice of an epitaph from Don Quijote for Tales of My Landlord indicates his own concerns about the novel as genre, its relationship to truth and history, and its perceived lack of social and ethical utility. Read in conjunction with Lives of the Novelists, it also reveals that Scott saw the British novel not as autonomous but as part of a larger tradition of European prose fiction in which Cervantes served as a vital theoretical linchpin. (The title differs slightly in the volume's index, with 'social' for 'ethical' legitimacy.)

Grenier, Katherine Haldane. 'The Development of Mass Tourism, 1810-1914', in Tourism and Identity in Scotland, 1770-1914: Creating Caledonia (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005), pp. 49-92.

Includes (pp. 53-55, 80-82) discussions of how Scott fashioned Scotland as the definitive romantic country with particular reference to the impact of The Lady of the Lake on the Trossachs tourist industry and the promotion of Scott's poems and novels as guidebooks. Argues that Scott depicts the Highlands as a magical, sequestered world unto themselves where the rules of ordinary living are suspended, real identities shed, and ancient quarrels healed.

Gunn, Diarmid. 'Walter Scott to John Buchan: The Handing Over of a Baton?', John Buchan Journal, 32 (2005), 5-19.

Charts Scott's literary and political influence on Buchan, and traces parallels between the two writers' lives.

Häfner, Ralph. 'Heine und der Supernaturalismus: Von Walter Scott zu Charles Baudelaire', Germanisch-Romanische Monatsschrift, 55 (2005), 397-416.

Argues that when Heine introduced his concept of supernaturalism in 1831, he was drawing on Scott's 'On the Supernatural in Fictitious Composition' (1827) where, reviewing the works of E.T.A. Hoffmann, Scott defines the 'supernatural' as a key concept in a vision of fiction which goes beyond simple imitation of nature. In Heine's hands, supernaturalism becomes a critical tool adaptable to the social and political reality of his age, playing a major role in art criticism up to Charles Baudelaire.

Hales, Ashley. 'Walter Scott’s Jews and How They Shaped the Nation', in Beyond the Anchoring Grounds: More Cross-Currents in Irish and Scottish Studies, ed. Shane Alcobia-Murphy, Johanna Archbold, John Gibney and Carole Jones (Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona, 2005), pp. 127-32.

On Ivanhoe and 'The Surgeon's Daughter'.

Henriques, Ana Lucia de Souza. 'A (re)escritura da história na ficção scottiana', Literatura e Comparativismo, 1 (2005)

Brazilian article on the rewriting of history in Scott's fiction; pagination unknown.

Hewitt, Regina. ‘Scott, Baillie, and the Bewitching of Social Relations’, European Romantic Review, 16 (2005), 341-50.

On Joanna Baillie’s Witchcraft as a sequel to Scott’s The Bride of Lammermoor. This argument is further developed in Regina Hewitt's monograph Symbolic Interactions (2006).

Higgins, David. 'Magazine Biography in the Late Romantic Period', in Romantic Genius and the Literary Magazine: Biography, Celebrity, Politics (Abingdon: Routledge, 2005), pp. 60-89.

Includes discussions of 'literary portraits' and reminiscences of Scott published by Hazlitt (pp. 62-65) and Richard Pearse Gillies (pp. 82-85).

Hunter, John. 'The Reanimation of Antiquity and the Resistance to History: MacPherson-Scott-Tolkien', in Tolkien’s Modern Middle Ages, ed. Jane Chance and Alfred K. Siewers (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 61-75.

Includes a discussion of Scott's influence on Tolkien.

Incorvati, Rick. '"Darsie Latimer's 'Little Solidity'; or, The Case for Homosexuality in Scott's Redgauntlet', Romanticism on the Net, 36/37 (2004-05) <http://www.erudit.org/revue/ron/2004/v/n36-37/011140ar.html> [accessed 4 September 2006]

Considering evidence from Redgauntlet as well as from diary entries that reveal Scott’s views on sodomy and on homosexual passions, Incorvati argues that Darsie Latimer warrants consideration as a type of homosexual -- that is, a character marked not only by an orientation of desire toward one’s own sex but also by a litany of character traits (self-doubt, self-consciousness, and irresolution) typically associated with homosexual desire.

Jarrells, Anthony. ‘‘Bloodless Revolution and the Form of the Novel’, in Britain’s Bloodless Revolutions: 1688 and the Romantic Reform of Literature (Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 170-95.

On Waverley and Old Mortality. An earlier version appeared in the journal Novel (2003).

Kelly, Stuart. 'Sir Walter Scott', in The Book of Lost Books: An Incomplete History of All the Great Books You Will Never Read (London: Viking, 2005), pp. 226-29.

On Scott's unfinished novel The Siege of Malta.

Kipp, Julie. ‘Back to the Future: Walter Scott on the Politics of Radical Reform in Ireland and Scotland’, European Romantic Review, 16 (2005) 231-42.

Discusses A Legend of Montrose, The Visionary, and extracts from Scott's correspondence.

Korenowska, Leslawa. 'Transformatsiia motivov tvorchestva Skotta i Dikkensa v proze Dostoevskogo', Zeszyty Naukowe Polskiej Akademii Nauk, 2005, 27-33.

Russian-language text, published in Poland, on Dostoyevsky's transformation of motifs found in the works of Scott and Dickens. See Korenowska 2005a for an extended monograph on the same subject.

Kruger, Daniel J., Maryanne Fisher, and Ian Jobling. 'Proper and Dark Heroes as Dads and Cads', in Literature and the Human Animal, ed. J. Gottschall and D. Sloan-Wilson (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2005), pp. 225-43.

Describes empirical tests which support hypotheses derived from evolutionary theory on the perceptions of literary characters. Draws primarily from the works of Scott and Byron to distinguish between two types of Romantic hero: 'proper' and 'dark', representing respectively long-term and short-term mating strategies. An earlier version of this article appeared in Human Nature, 14 (2003).

Lamont-Brown, Raymond. 'Sir Walter Scott and the Battle of Halidon Hill', History of the Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club, 50 (2005), 43-49.

Lewin, Judith Mindy. 'Legends of Rebecca: Ivanhoe, Dynamic Identification, and the Portraits of Rebecca Gratz', Nashim, 10 (5766/2005), 178-212.

The Jewish American philanthropist Rebecca Gratz is sometime thought to be the model for Rebecca in Scott's Ivanhoe. Through an analysis of a portrait of Gratz by Thomas Sully, Lewin argues that Gratz was herself inspired by Scott's fictional heroine to explain (to herself and to others) some of her own life choices by way of the character's values and behaviours.

McGann, Jerome. 'Like Leaving the Nile: IVANHOE, a User's Manual, Literature Compass, 2 (2005) VI 149, 1–27.

On the IVANHOE Game, developed by Prof. McGann and Johanna Drucker at the University of Virginia, 'an online playspace that facilitates collaborative interpretation' and permits student-players to perform or to modify Scott's novel-making decisions. A further online version of this essay is available at <http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/~jjm2f/old/compass.pdf> [accessed 9 June 2008]

McGann, Jerome. 'Ivanhoe: An Interface for Interpretation', The Literary Magazine, 1.1 (2005) <http://www.litencyc.com/theliterarymagazine/ivanhoeinterface.php> [accessed 24 October 2006]

A brief description of the IVANHOE Game.

Manning, Peter J. 'The Other Scene of Travel: Wordsworth's "Musings near Aquapendente"', in The Wordsworthian Enlightenment: Romantic Poetry and the Ecology of Reading, ed. Helen Regueiro Elam and Frances Ferguson (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005), pp. 191-211.

Includes (pp. 193-205, 208-11) a discussion of Wordsworth's lines in memory of Scott in his 1837 poem 'Musings near Aquapendente'.

Maume, Patrick. 'Father Boyce, Lady Morgan and Sir Walter Scott: A Study in Intertextuality and Catholic Polemics', in Evangelicals and Catholics in Nineteenth- Century Ireland, ed. James H. Murphy (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2005), pp. 165-78.

May, Chad T. "'The horrors of my tale": Trauma, the Historical Imagination, and Sir Walter Scott', Pacific Coast Philology, 40 (2005), 98-116.

Focuses on the 'traumatic figures' of Scott's fiction, existing on the margins of any traditional historical account but essential to the plots of the novels they inhabit. With particular reference to Old Mortality, Ivanhoe, and The Pirate, identifies narrative moments which disrupt the pattern of historical progress and nostalgic desire established in Waverley. Suggests that the historical romances, in particular, offer a retelling of the past that approaches our contemporary conception of the relationship between history and trauma.

Miller, Gavin. 'National Confessions: Queer Theory Meets Scottish Literature', Scottish Studies Review, 6.2 (2005), 60-71.

A response to Christopher Whyte's ‘Queer Readings, Gay Texts: From Redgauntlet to The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie', in Scotland in Theory (2004), which calls into question Whyte's homoerotic reading of the theme of cross-dressing in Redgauntlet.

Morton, Stanley J. 'Research on the Lives of Helen Walker and her Sister Isobell Walker', Transactions of the Dumfriesshire and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society, 79 (2005), 173-81.

On the real-life prototypes for Jeanie and Effie Deans in Scott's The Heart of Mid-Lothian.

Newton, K. M. 'Revisions of Scott, Austen, and Dickens in Daniel Deronda', Dickens Studies Annual, 35 (2005), 241-66.

Includes a discussion (pp. 245-49) on the relationship between Scott's Waverley and George Eliot's Daniel Derronda (1876).

Nünning, Vera. 'Fictions of Collective Memory', REAL, 21 (2005), 305-30.

Includes a discussion of Ivanhoe (alongside Charles Kingsley's Hereward the Wake and Tennyson's The Foresters).

Ormond, Richard. 'Sir Walter Scott and History', in The Monarch of the Glen: Landseer in the Highlands (Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland, 2005), pp. 19-39.

Charts Scott's importance for Sir Edwin Landseer, beginning with his Abbotsford visit of 1824 where he painted Scott's dogs and made sketches towards his epic portrait Sir Walter Scott in Rhymer's Glen (1833). Discusses Landseer's illustrations for the Magnum Opus edition of the Waverley Novels (1829-33). Argues that Landseer's mature work such as Rent Day in the Wilderness (1868) derives from Scott its Romantic atmosphere, antiquarian detail, and vision of the Highlands as a product of environment and history.

Poggi, Valentina. 'Walter Scott the Novelist: History in the Bones', in Alba Literaria: A History of Scottish Literature, ed. Marco Fazzini (Venice: Amos Edizioni, 2005), pp. 343-54.

Overview of Scott's career as a novelist stressing his experimentation in the early 'Scottish' novels with different approaches to the art of fiction as well as to the problems of recreating the past. Dismisses Scott's post-1819 production as 'escapist', going to history rather for the colourful pageant or backdrop of romance rather than for processes of change whose after-effects could still be felt in the present.

Procházka, Martin. 'The "Neutral Ground" of History?: Tully-Veolan in Waverley as a Zone of Contact', in Theory and Practice in English Studies: Proceedings from the Eighth Conference of English, American and Canadian Studies, ed. Jan Chovanec (Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2005), IV: 143-55.

Re-reads the identification of history as a 'neutral ground' in Waverley in the context of contemporary theories of the picturesque and the postructuralist notion of other spaces, or 'heterotopias'. Traces two different uses of the picturesque: one intensifying the emotional and transgressive effect of the narrative, the other ironic and parodical. At Tully-Veolan the picturesque is inverted and contested, problematizing the structural model where a central, impartial observer gives unity to landscape and/or history.

Riach, Alan. ‘Walter Scott and the Whistler: Tragedy and the Enlightenment Imagination', in Representing Scotland in Literature, Popular Culture and Iconography: The Masks of the Modern Nation (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, c2005), pp. 75-87.

Places The Heart of Midlothian at the midway point of a shift in Scott's work, from an optimistic, rational, classical temper, in which the concerns of judgment, balance, and order are predominant, to a temper more given to darkness, dream and symbol. An earlier version appeared in Studies in Scottish Literature, 33/34 (2004).

Rigney, Ann. 'De herinnering aan Scott: literatuur, erfgoed, mobiliteit', in Bezeten van vroeger: Erfgoed, identiteit en musealisering, ed. Rob van der Laarse (Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis, 2005), pp. 88-101).

Dutch-language article on Scott and cultural memory.

Shaw, Harry E. 'Is There a Problem with Historical Fiction (or with Scott's Redgauntlet)?', Rethinking History, 9 (2005), 173-95.

Argues that the assumptions about novel form that find Scott lacking in seriousness are likely to be less alive to the realities of life in history than Scott is himself. Attempts, further, to reveal in Redgauntlet a musical play with the elements of history that may embody Scott's most profound response to our fate as historical beings. Reprinted in Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism, 209 (2009).

Simpson, Michael. 'Wavering on Europe: Walter Scott and the Equilibrium of the Empires', Romanticism, 11 (2005), 127-42.

Recent critics have seen Waverley as portraying a process of nation-building by internal colonization which serves as a version of, or prototype for, the British imperial project of external colonization. This essay stresses the novel's European dimension, arguing that 'nation and empire are stressfully triangulated with Continent so that neither can be directly described as the other'. Ultimately, the novel formulates the relationship between nation and empire as an issue of French, rather than English, imperialism.

Suhamy, Henry. 'La Traduction des métaphores et des hypallages dans Shakespeare et dans Scott, et quand l’intertextualité s’en mêle', Palimpsestes, 17 (2005), 57-70.

In this French-language article on translating metaphor and hypallage in Scott and Shakespeare, Henri Suhamy draws on his experience of translating Ivanhoe for the new Pléiade editon of Scott's works. He deals in particular with Scott's extensive use of unattributed quotations (and misquotations) from Shakespeare.

Sussman, Charlotte. 'Memory and Mobility: Fictions of Population in Defoe, Goldsmith, and Scott', in A Companion to the Eighteenth-Century English Novel and Culture, ed. Paula R. Backscheider and Catherine Ingrassia (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005), pp.191-213.

Includes a discussion of Guy Mannering.

Szaffner, Emília. '"Regényes kóborlások": a skót Felföld, Erdély és a nemzettudat', in Évek és színek: tanulmányok Fábri Anna tiszteletére, ed. Ágota Steinert (Budapest: Kortárs, 2005), pp. 389-98.

Discusses the impact of Scott on the formation of national identity as observable in Hungarian travelogues and historical novels.

Toda, Fernando. 'Multilingualism, Language Contact and Translation in Walter Scott’s Scottish Novels', Linguistica Antverpiensia, new ser., 4 (2005), 123-38.

Examines three of the 'Scottish novels' to show how Scott foregrounded the multilingual and multidialectal situation of Scotland, not only reflecting different linguistic varieties in dialogue, but also, through his narrators, drawing attention to the variety being used or the pronunciation employed. Scott thus reminds his readers that the United Kingdom is a multilingual and multicultural society, and only by preserving national cultural identities and values can Anglo-Scottish union be strengthened.

Tytler, Graeme. ‘Lavater's Influence on Sir Walter Scott: A Tacit Assumption? ’, in Physiognomy in Profile: Lavater's Impact on European Culture, ed. Melissa Percival and Graeme Tytler (Newark: Delaware University Press; London: Assoc. University Presses, 2005), pp. 109-20.

Examines the influence of the 18th-century Swiss physiognomist Lavater on Scott's physical character descriptions.

Warnes, Christopher. 'Avatars of Amadis: Magical Realism as Postcolonial Romance', Journal of Commonwealth Literature, 40.3 (2005), 7-20.

Includes an extensive discussion of the relationship between magical realism and the historical romances of Scott.

Watson, George. 'Aspects of Celticism', in Ireland and Scotland: Culture and Society, 1700-2000, ed Liam McIlvanney and Ray Ryan (Dublin: Four Courts Press, c2005), pp. 129-43.

Notes (pp. 133-36) how in Waverley Scott lavishly evokes the Celtic past and conveys its energy and vivacity then seeks to drive a wedge between it and the progressive present, presenting the Highlands through aesthetic or antiquarian spectacles. On closer inspection, however, Scott dramatizes cultural conflict rather than the ordered gradualism of Whig history. Thus while he holds to an essentially Enlightenment ideology, his works create a new identity for Scotland which is essentially and ironically Highland.

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